Anatomical Pathology 

Anatomical Pathology Residency Training Program overview
Program length: Five years
Session dates: July 1 – June 30
Program structure: Series of mandatory and elective rotations as well as three hours/week didactic sessions
Evaluation methods: Direct observation, written, slide and oral exams, resident portfolio

Why you should train in Anatomical Pathology with us

  • Large volume and wide spectrum of clinical material
  • There are opportunities for interprovincial and international electives while training in our program
  • There are no mandatory rural rotations
  • The ratio of resident to faculty is 1 to 7
  • Residents have access to electronic medical resources through the hospitals and the University of Toronto library system
  • Research is especially emphasized during training. Residents may undertake research projects while on core, mandatory or elective rotations or opt for dedicated research electives of 3 to 12 months duration. Residents are expected to give presentations of their projects at the annual Departmental Postgraduate Trainee Research Day

Program structure

Year one (PGY 1)

The first year is a general clinical year similar to a rotating internship.

The PGY 1 year allows you to build upon knowledge and skills gained in medical school and the clinical clerkship.

You will gain a broad-based exposure in preparation for specific specialty training in anatomical pathology and for the MCCQE Part II examination. 

Core Surgical Pathology

Following PGY 1, you will spend the next 18 months in core training in anatomical pathology, involving autopsy and surgical pathology.

You will take part in core surgical pathology rotations at the following training sites: 

  • UHN – Toronto General Hospital 
  • Mount Sinai Hospital 
  • Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre 
  • St. Michael’s Hospital 
  • St. Joseph's Health Centre 

You will spend 13 months in mandatory rotations in: 

  • pediatric pathology (three months) 
  • cytopathology (three months) 
  • molecular pathology (three months) 
  • neuropathology (two months) 
  • forensic pathology (two months) 

Senior Elective Rotations

You can tailor your individual training in this period to meet your career goals and may include the following areas: 

  • Basic Research 
  • Breast Pathology 
  • Community Pathology 
  • Cytopathology 
  • Dermatopathology 
  • Endocrine Pathology 
  • Forensic Pathology 
  • Gastrointestinal Pathology 
  • Genitourinary Pathology 
  • Gynecological Pathology 
  • Head & Neck Pathology 
  • Hematological Pathology 
  • Liver Pathology 
  • Lung Pathology 
  • Lymphoma 
  • Medical Kidney 
  • Neuropathology 
  • Pediatric Pathology 
  • Placental Pathology 
  • Quality Assurance/Quality Control 
  • Renal Pathology 
  • Soft Tissue Pathology 
  • Transfusion Medicine 

You may be able to arrange electives in other areas, through the residency program director and committee, in conjunction with the individuals/sites concerned. 

All of the hospital departments deal with a wide variety of specimens from all body sites and use multiple investigative techniques. Each hospital has particular strengths in some area or technique. 

How to apply


Apply through the Canadian Resident Matching Service (CaRMS) if you have Canadian Citizenship or Permament Residency. 

The CaRMs website contains information on eligibility.

Selection criteria 

It may be advantageous, but not mandatory, if you have previous experience or to have taken an elective in pathology. 

We select trainees based upon your: 

  • academic record 
  • research experience 
  • references 
  • a demonstrated interest in laboratory medicine as a career 

Given the large number of applicants each year, we are not able to offer an interview to all candidates. Personal interviews are offered based on the criteria listed above and are mandatory for admission to the program. 

International Medical Graduates accepted into the program will have access to the same opportunities, training and experience as Canadian Medical Graduates. 

Sponsored residencies 

The Anatomical Pathology Program is not accepting sponsored residents at this time.  

Contact us  

Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology 
Temerty Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto 
1 King's College Circle, Rm 6231,
Toronto ON, M5S 1A8 

Fax: 416-978-7361