Neuropathology

Neuropathology Residency Training Program overview 

Program length: Five years 

Session dates: July 1 – June 30 

Program structure: Series of mandatory and elective rotations as well as weekly didactic sessions 

Evaluation methods: Direct observation, written, slide, and oral exams, resident portfolio

Program Director: Dr. Andrew Gao

AccreditationRoyal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada

Why you should train in Neuropathology with us

  • Large volume and wide spectrum of clinical material
  • There are opportunities for interprovincial and international electives while training in our program
  • There are no mandatory rural rotations
  • The ratio of resident to faculty is 1 to 7
  • Residents have access to electronic medical resources through the hospitals and the University of Toronto library system
  • Research is especially emphasized during training. Residents may undertake research projects while on core, mandatory or elective rotations or opt for dedicated research electives of 3 to 12 months duration. Residents are expected to give presentations of their projects at the annual Departmental Research Day

Program structure

Year one (PGY 1)

Your first year is a general clinical year similar to a rotating internship, with rotations in, but not limited to: 

  • internal medicine 
  • neurology 
  • neurosurgery 
  • pediatrics (neurology) 
  • neuroradiology 
  • psychiatry 
  • neuropathology 

Year two (PGY 2)

You will receive "core" training in anatomical pathology, providing experience in both autopsy pathology and surgical pathology. 

Years three and four (PGY 3 and 4)

You will be taught:

  • neuroanatomy 
  • immunohistochemistry 
  • muscle histochemistry 
  • electron microscopy 
  • concepts of molecular biology as it applies to neuropathology. 
  • Experience using telepathology is available. 

Year five (PGY 5)

You can use 12 months for elective rotations, additional neuropathology, and/or research.

Elective rotations: 

  • Neurology
  • Neuroradiology
  • Neurosurgery 

You may conduct research on clinical material or an experimental project.

Areas of research interest in the division include: 

  • neurodegenerative diseases 
  • cerebrovascular disease 
  • neuromuscular disease 
  • brain tumours 
  • pediatric neuropathology at both the morphological and molecular level.         

The volume of material for teaching is extensive in both breadth and depth and is larger than any other centre in Canada. 

How to apply

Application 

Apply through the Canadian Resident Matching Service (CaRMS) if you have Canadian Citizenship or Permament Residency. 

The CaRMs website contains information on eligibility.

Selection criteria 

We select trainees based upon your: 

  • academic performance
  • letters of reference
  • impression at interview.

It is not mandatory, but encouraged that you have completed at least one elective in our specialty. 

Given the large number of applicants each year, we are not able to offer an interview to all candidates. We offer personal interviews to candidates based on the criteria listed above and they are mandatory for admission to the program. 

International Medical Graduates accepted into the program will have access to the same opportunities, training and experience as Canadian Medical Graduates. 

Sponsored Residencies 

The University of Toronto, Temerty Faculty of Medicine also has sponsorship agreements with various governments regarding training at the University.

If you are an applicant from one these countries, you must have the approval of the sponsor involved. Your sponsor must contact the Temerty Faculty of Medicine Postgraduate Medical Education Office (PGME) directly with approval before formally applying to a training program.  

More details on applying for residency training Post MD Education (see under International Residency Applications)