Assistant Professor

Daniel Winer

Department of Laboratory Medicine & Pathobiology


Toronto General Hospital: University Health Network (UHN)
200 Elizabeth St. 11th Floor, Lab Medicine Program, Toronto, Ontario Canada M5G 2C4
Research Interests
Infectious Diseases & Immunopathology, Metabolism & Nutrition
Clinical Interests
Pathology: Anatomical
Appointment Status

Research Synopsis

The goal of our laboratory is to better understand how the immune system influences physiological processes and contributes to disease, with the aim of using this information to develop new translational diagnostics and therapeutics, including preventative vaccination strategies.

Inflammation and adaptive Immunity in insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes

Our primary research focus is to elucidate immune mediated pathways governing obesity related insulin resistance. Obesity and its major complications, including insulin resistance, are a major global cause of morbidity and mortality, and have reached epidemic proportions. Evidence is mounting that a significant contributing cause of insulin resistance is chronic inflammation in visceral adipose tissue (VAT). This inflammation was initially thought to be driven solely by macrophages of the innate immune system attracted to dying adipocytes in fat. Recently, in collaboration with the Hospital for Sick Children and Stanford University, we have demonstrated that the adaptive immune system, including T cells, B cells and the antibodies they produce, play a significant and active role in regulating this process. This work has introduced a new " autoimmune" component to obesity related insulin resistance, and has led to new ways in thinking about metabolic disease. We continue to investigate immune mediated mechanisms in obesity and diabetes with the aim of translating our findings to help the many people afflicted by these diseases.                                                                                                  

Selected Publications

Alonso MN et al. TH1, TH2, and TH17 cells instruct monocytes to differentiate into specialized dendritic cell subsets. Blood. [Epub Aug 2, 2011].

Winer D et al. B cells promote insulin resistance through modulation of T cells and production of pathogenic IgG antibodies. Nat Med. 2011 May; 17(5):610-7.

Winer S et al. Normalization of obesity-associated insulin resistance through immunotherapy. Nat Med. 2009 Aug; 15(8):921-9.                            


Scientist, Division of Advanced Diagnostics - Metabolism, Toronto General Research Institute (TGRI)

Endocrine Pathologist, Department of Pathology, University Health Network