Associate Professor  |  Field Director, MHSc Laboratory Medicine (Pathologists' Assistant Field)

Fang-I Lu

Department of Laboratory Medicine & Pathobiology - Medical Education

MDCM FRCPC, MScCH (HPTE) candidate

Sunnybrook Health Science Centre
2075 Bayview Ave., Department of Anatomical Pathology, Room E423a, Toronto, Ontario Canada M4N 3M5
Research Interests
Artificial Intelligence, Cancer
Clinical Interests
Pathology: Breast
Appointment Status
Accepting medical students for shadowing

Professional Memberships

  • International Immuno-Oncology Working Group
  • Canadian Association of Pathologists
  • United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology

Dr. Fang-I Lu completed her undergraduate medical education at McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Canada from 2002-2006, followed by Anatomical Pathology Residency Program at University of British Columbia, Vancouver Canada from 2006-2011. She then completed a Breast Pathology Fellowship at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Centre, New York, USA from 2011-2012.

Currently, Dr. Lu is a Staff Pathologist at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Canada, and an Associate Professor at University of Toronto.

Her area of clinical expertise is in breast pathology. She also actively participates in medical education and is currently the site director for the University of Toronto’s Anatomic Pathology residents, the Director of Education of the Department of Laboratory Medicine and Molecular Diagnostics, and chair for her departmental annual CME course “Saturday in Pathology at the University”.

She is field director of the University of Toronto's Master of Health Science in Laboratory Medicine - Pathologist's Assistant program. She is currently completing a Master of Sciences in Community Health – Health Practitioner Teacher Education program at the University of Toronto to broaden her knowledge and skills in medical education.

Research Synopsis

My recent research interests include:

  • standardization of pathologic assessment of breast specimens post neoadjuvant therapy
  • utilization of artificial intelligence and machine learning in breast pathology for diagnostic, predictive and prognostic purposes
  • competency-based Anatomic Pathology resident education and wellness of residents in laboratory medicine.

I have published over 40 peer-reviewed manuscripts and won the prestigious CIHR New Frontiers Research Fund for the 2020-2023 cycle.

Selected Publications

Lu F-I, Rathnapalan S. Burnout Interventions for Resident Physicians: A Scoping Review of Their Content, Format and Effectiveness. Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine.

Lu F-I, Glover Takahashi S & Kerr C. Myth or Reality: Self-Assessment is Central to Effective Curriculums in Anatomical Pathology Postgraduate Medical Education. Academic Pathology.

Han R, Keith J, Slodkowska E, Nofech-Mozes S, Djordjevic B, Parra-Herran C, Sade S, Mirkovic J, Sherman C, Hsieh E, Ismiil N & Lu F-I. Hot Seat Diagnosis: Competency-Based Tool is Superior to Time-Based Tool for the Formative In-Service Assessment of Pathology Trainees. Archives of Pathololgy and Laboratory Medicine.

Dodington DW, Lagree A, Tabbarah S, Mohebpour M, Sadeghi-Naini A, Tran WT, Lu FI. Analysis of tumor nuclear features using artificial intelligence to predict response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in high-risk breast cancer patients. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment.

Han R, Regpala S, Slodkowska E, Nofech-Mozes S, Hanna W, Parra-Herran C, Lu FI. Lack of Standardization in the Processing and Reporting of Post-Neoadjuvant Breast Cancer Specimens. Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine.

Salagean ED, Slodkowska E, Nofech-Mozes S, Hanna W, Parra-Herran C & Lu F-I. Atypical Ductal Hyperplasia on Core Needle Biopsy: Development of a Predictive Model Stratifying Carcinoma Upgrade Risk on Excision. Breast Journal.

Wong W, Rubenchik I, Nofech-Mozes S, Parra-Herran C, Hanna W, Slodkowska E, Lu FI. Intraoperative Assessment of Sentinel Lymph Nodes in Breast Cancer Patients Post-Neoadjuvant Therapy. Technology in Cancer Research and Treatment.


Staff Pathologist, Department of Laboratory Medicine and Molecular Diagnostics, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

Assistant Professor, Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto

Honours and Awards

CIHR New Frontiers Research Fund (2020 - 2023)

Danny Ghazarian Resident Teaching Award, Department of Laboratory Medicine & Pathobiology, University of Toronto (2019, 2021)